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Unauthorized Access or Exceeding Authorization to a Computer

The Computer Fraud Abuse Act (CFAA) is codified as Title 18 U.S.C Section 1030(a), and it lists offenses for federally-prosecuted computer crimes, with the common charges being Unauthorized Access to a Computer and Exceeding Authorization to a Computer. The allegations of accessing a computer without authorization can contain different variations within the charges. These include: (1) with the intent to harm the United States or for the benefit of a foreign country; (2) to obtain protected financial or credit information; (3) with intent to defraud; (4) to intentionally damage a computer; and (5) accessing a computer that is exclusively for government use.

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Copyright Infringement Trademark Simulation

The U.S. Copyright Law (Title 17 U.S. Code) sets forth copyright infringement, which is reproducing or distributing material that has been copyrighted without permission or the legal authority of the owner of the copyrighted material. Illegal downloading or uploading of software, music or movies, or a significant part of a copyright without authority to do so establishes an infringement.

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